Artificial worlds used to unlock secrets of real human
interaction. Cornell News.
"What do flocks of
birds, traffic jams, fads, drinking games, forest fires and
residential segregation have in common? The answer could come
from a new computational research method called agent-based
modeling. Michael Macy, a sociologist at Cornell
University, Ithaca, N.Y., is using this powerful new tool
to look for elementary principles of self-organization that
might shed new light on long-standing puzzles about how humans
interact. ... He credits Craig Reynolds, a pioneer of agent
modeling and three-dimensional computer animation, for the
1987 discovery that the complex choreography of a flock requires
that each bird (or 'boid,' as Reynolds called them) follow
just three simple rules: head toward the center of your neighbors,
match their speed and trajectory and avoid collisions. ...
Traditionally, sociologists have tried to understand social
life as a structured system of institutions and norms that
shape individual behavior from the top down, Macy notes. In
contrast, agent modelers suspect that much of social life
emerges from the bottom up, more like improvisational jazz
than a symphony."
Beauty in the eye of the android. BBC.
experts in Fife have unveiled a robotic head which they say
can scientifically determine how attractive women are to men.
But they have warned that it does not work in reverse because
masculine appeal to women is not as likely to be based on
looks alone. Specialists at Kirkcaldy-based Intelligent Earth
company said that the head-shaped android was capable of calculating
how 'feminine' or 'masculine' a person's face is. ... Managing
director David Cumming said: 'The artificial intelligence
technology we've developed here learns to recognise what sex
someone is by drawing on its past experiences, in much the
same way that the human brain learns when we are children.'
... The artificial intelligence firm received its first prototype
of the robot, nicknamed Doki, last week and is now mass producing
February 4, 2003:
Kasparov, supercomputer fight to stalemate. Islamic
Republic News Agency ( IRNA)
"World's chess giant
Gary Kasparov played a deliberately unconventional defense
with the black pieces Sunday to force a draw with the supercomputer
Deep Junior and keep their series level with two matches to
play. ... 'I think we still have some time before being wiped
out by machines,' a beaming Kasparov said. ... Kasparov was
respectful of his rival ahead of the matchup, describing the
program as dangerous, unpleasant and unpredictable, with near-human